Appellate Circuit

Motion to Seal Civil Action Permanently is Denied by N.D. Tex. Magistrate Judge

Litigant Can’t Seal Case to Improve Her Chances of Employment says federal magistrate judge. The right of access to court records precludes such sealing.


Good News; Texas Magistrate Judge applies the correct legal standard to deny sealing of civil action permanently.

Bad News; Judge Jill A. Pryor, Court of Appeals for the 11th circuit is not following the correct legal standard when sealing a motion to disqualify her without comment. It’s unlawful and in voilation of her ethics and canons as a federal judge.

Litigant Can’t Seal Case to “Improve Her Chances of Employment”

A federal magistrate holds that the right of access to court records precludes such sealing.

Referred to U.S. Magistrate Judge


By order of reference dated April 8, 2020 (doc. 23), before the Court is Plaintiff’s Application for Motion to Seal Court Records, filed March 24, 2020 (doc. 22). He seeks to seal the record of his case permanently, citing Texas Rule of Civil Procedure 76a(3).

The state rules of civil procedure do not apply in this federal case. In addition, “‘[c]ourts have recognized that the public has a common law right to inspect and copy judicial records.'” SEC vVan Waeyenberghe990 F.2d 845, 848 (5th Cir.1993) (quoting Nixon vWarner CommunicationsInc., 435 U.S. 589, 597 (1978)).

This right “is not absolute”, however, and each “court has supervisory power over its own records and files” and may deny “access … where court files might have become a vehicle for improper purposes.” Id. “The common law merely establishes a presumption of public access to judicial records.” Id. Nevertheless, the discretion to seal judicial records and files should be exercised “charily.” Id. (citing Federal Savs& Loan InsCorpvBlain808 F.2d 395, 399 (5th Cir.1987)).

“In exercising its discretion to seal judicial records, the court must balance the public’s common law right of access against the interests favoring nondisclosure.” Id. Having public access to judicial records “serves to promote trustworthiness of the judicial process, to curb judicial abuses, and to provide the public with a more complete understanding of the judicial system, including a better perception of its fairness.” Id. at 849 (quoting Littlejohn vBIC Corp., 851 F.2d 673, 682 (3d Cir.1988)). 

Here, the plaintiff seeks to seal the record of his case permanently in order to “greatly improve [his] chances of employment.”

In Macias vAaron RentsInc., 288 F. App’x 913, 915 (5th Cir. 2008), the plaintiff moved to seal the record of his employment discrimination lawsuit because of the alleged “lack of importance to the public and the potential for employer retaliation against litigious employees.”

Finding that the plaintiff’s concerns could apply to nearly all cases, especially those involving employment discrimination, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals found that the district court had not abused its discretion in denying the motion and affirmed the decision. Id. at 915-16.

Likewise, in Elbertson vChevronU.S.A., Inc., No. H-10-0153, 2010 WL 4642963, at *1 (S.D. Tex. Nov. 9, 2010), the plaintiff sought to seal the record of her employment discrimination case based on her belief that it could be detrimental to her current and future employment, arguing that her job security outweighed the public’s right of access.

The district court denied the motion, noting that “[t]he harm feared by the plaintiff here is precisely the same harm that most employment discrimination plaintiffs face, and yet there is no tradition of sealing all such records.” Id. at *2.

The court also noted that the fact that the public had already had access to the documents was a factor weighing in favor of continued access. Id. (citation omitted).

As in those cases, the plaintiff in this case has presented nothing to overcome the presumption of public access to the record in this employment discrimination case, which was closed more than three years ago. The motion to seal this case is DENIED.

SO ORDERED this 9th day of April, 2020.




Access to the record in this employment discrimination case, which was closed more than three years ago. The motion to seal this case is DENIED.

U.S. Magistrate Judge Irma Carrillo Ramirez

Has served the Northern District of Texas since 2002. Before that, she served as an assistant U.S. attorney in Dallas, where she worked in the civil and criminal divisions. She received her law degree from Southern Methodist University and her bachelor’s degree from what is now  West Texas A&M University.

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