Cleophus Carraway v. Zae Zeon, et al, No. 17-20271 (5th Cir. 2018)
AUG 15, 2018 | REPUBLISHED BY LIT: AUG 10, 2021
“A Crooked Judge is a Crooked Judge” Sayeth S.D. Tex. Judge Al Bennett. He should Look at his Own Reflection in a Mirror.
Before KING, ELROD, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges: PER CURIAM:*
Cleophus Carraway, Texas prisoner # 490329, appeals the district court’s dismissal of his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 complaint, in which he alleged that prison officials were deliberately indifferent to his serious medical needs. The district court dismissed the suit for failure to prosecute, without prejudice, pursuant to Rule 41(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
A district court may sua sponte dismiss an action for failure to prosecute or to comply with any order. Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); McCullough v. Lynaugh, 835 F.2d 1126, 1127 (5th Cir. 1988).
The scope of the district court’s discretion is narrower when the Rule 41(b) dismissal is with prejudice or when a statute of limitations would bar re-prosecution of a suit dismissed under Rule 41(b) without prejudice.
Berry v. CIGNA/RSI-CIGNA, 975 F.2d 1188, 1191 (5th Cir. 1992).
In Carraway’s case, although the district court dismissed the suit without prejudice, the dismissal may have effectively been with prejudice due to the applicable two-year statute of limitations.
Gartrell v. Gaylor, 981 F.2d 254, 256 (5th Cir. 1993); TEX. CIV. PRAC. & REM. CODE ANN. § 16.003(a).
Where the limitations period “prevents or arguably may prevent” further litigation, the standard of review should be the same as that used when reviewing a dismissal with prejudice.
Boazman v. Economics Laboratory, Inc., 537 F.2d 210, 212-13 (5th Cir. 1976).
This court will affirm dismissals with prejudice for failure to prosecute only when there is a clear record of delay or contumacious conduct by the plaintiff and the district court has expressly determined that lesser sanctions would not prompt diligent prosecution, or where the record shows that the district court employed lesser sanctions that proved to be futile.
Berry, 975 F.2d at 1191-92 & nn.5-6.
A Notice of Settlement was filed on July 14. Ain’t it amazing how this has happened after the mortgage file request was granted to plaintiffs by https://t.co/ekXbwXhZEb, who would then deny the Burkes request for access to sealed files. https://t.co/vV3FWV7vyF #OperationWhiteout pic.twitter.com/2KH4TaTxAJ
— LawsInTexas (@lawsintexasusa) July 16, 2021
There is not a clear record of purposeful delay or contumacious conduct by Carraway.
The order of dismissal was issued on February 21, 2017, which was 18 days after February 3, 2017, the due date for Carraway’s reply to the motion to dismiss.
Moreover, although he did not file the proper responsive pleading, Carraway attempted to litigate his claims during the relevant time period.
See, e.g., McNeal v. Papasan, 842 F.2d 787, 789-91 (5th Cir. 1988) (providing that a delay warranting dismissal with prejudice must be longer than just a few months and must be characterized by significant periods of total inactivity).
Generally, where a plaintiff fails to comply with only a few court orders or rules, this court has held that the district court’s dismissal of a suit with prejudice is an abuse of discretion.
See Berry, 975 F.2d at 1192 & n.6.
Also, the district court did not determine that lesser sanctions would not prompt diligent prosecution, and the district court did not employ lesser sanctions that proved to be futile. See id.
Finally, the record does not establish the existence of the usual aggravating factors.
See Millan v. USAA Gen. Indem. Co., 546 F.3d 321, 326 (5th Cir. 2008).
A CROOKED JUDGE IS A CROOKED JUDGE
Accordingly, the district court’s dismissal of Carraway’s suit was an abuse of discretion. The district court’s judgment is VACATED and the case is REMANDED for further proceedings. Carraway’s motion to supplement the record is DENIED.